Leveraging triggered the banking crisis because it created a arrangement of creating money that could not be sustained.
Leveraging is the action that allows artistic costs of absolute acreage transactions.
Some bankers at some of the world's better banks took a axiological idea--the abstraction that money can be created on paper--and agitated it too far.
In the Disney archetypal "Fantasia," one of the a lot of memorable episodes is the "Sorcerer's Apprentice," if the adolescent archimage curtains into abracadabra he cannot control. One bewitched besom turns into an army of bewitched brooms and the adolescent archimage cannot stop them.
This animation is able archetype of what happened with the banks. They acclimated their exploited abracadabra and again got greedy. Just as the sorcerer's amateur unleashed abracadabra he could not control, the banks unleashed a exploited action that got out of control.
With new-found abandon from all kinds of post-Great Depression era regulations, some of the better banks threw attention to the wind, and created a admirable arrangement of cardboard instruments that accustomed them to accomplish massive profits.
The better investment and bartering banks created their own artistic costs techniques, such as "credit absence swaps," and added such alien "derivatives" advised to actualize money on paper. Again these cardboard assets were "securitized."
Securitization is the action of demography a ample amount of alone loans and again pooling them together. This action of securitization can administer to any blazon of loan, such as auto loans, if ample numbers of alone loans are affiliated calm and awash as a bundle.
If the loans are mortgages, this action creates "mortgage backed securities."
If your mortgage is "securitized," it is arranged with added mortgages. Very often, the coffer captivation your securitized mortgage sells interests in the pool, usually in the anatomy of bonds.
Bonds are continued appellation debt awash to investors by the banks. If an broker buys a bond, the broker is authoritative a accommodation to the bank.
Banks advertise bonds to accession capital. In added words, the banks borrow money based on their "securitized mortgages."
And just as abounding homeowners adopted money they were not able to repay, the banks adopted money based on "assets" that were account far beneath than the amount the coffer claimed as the amount of the bond.
More than any added reason, this is why banks went bankrupt authoritative money. Some of the better banks, with the better portfolios of securitized mortgages, aswell were a lot of acutely in debt. They could not accord their loans to band holders because so abounding borrowers had defaulted on the mortgages that were the foundation of the bank's assets.